Carole Lombard was a tennis bum. She hung out on tennis courts from 1934 on, used tennis to stay in shape, played for hours at a stretch, took pride in her skill, and through a twist of fate changed the history of tennis with an impact felt to this very day.
Lombard came to mind this past week as Mary and I made our annual pilgrimage to the Western & Southern Masters 1000 tennis tournament in southern Ohio. It’s a tournament that’s considered a “mini-major” and right below the four grand slams. It’s Mary’s chance to hobnob with her favorite player, Roger Federer, and since I started playing tennis at age 12, I’m right there with her getting sun-baked watching match after match.
If anyone would appreciate the way tennis has evolved, it would be Carole Lombard. Readers of Fireball know the love she had for the game, as personified in her sponsorship of down-and-out young American player Alice Marble. Carole did all but drag Alice out of her sick bed in a Monrovia, California, tuberculosis sanitarium and will her back onto the court. At the start, Marble was 45 pounds overweight and lacked the strength to walk a flight of stairs, let alone play three sets of tennis. Within a couple of years Marble was winning Wimbledon and the U.S. Open after treatment by doctors that Carole recommended. Alice played her matches in clothes bought by Lombard, with Carole courtside at every opportunity. Carole got Marble nightclub gigs as a singer and tried to land her in the picture business.
In researching Fireball I had wondered if Carole and the girl she nicknamed “Allie” were really close, or if Lombard had merely stepped in, spent some time with the girl, and moved on as was the case when she launched the career of Margaret Tallichet. In truth, Lombard and Marble were very close indeed. Lyn Tornabene’s interview with Marble—housed in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Herrick Library—runs more than an hour and as Marble sips cocktails and smokes up a storm, she recounts her years as one of Lombard’s best friends and a member of the Peters inner circle. Tornabene was a strong interviewer and their conversation reveals Alice’s life with Carole, Petey, tennis coach Teach Tennant, tennis cronies Don Budge and Bobby Riggs, and of course Clark Gable—happy times that ended with the crash of Flight 3.
After Lombard’s death, Marble continued as a tennis pro and turned to teaching, with pupils that included the woman who changed the modern game, Billie Jean (Moffet) King. It was King who legitimized the women’s game, advocated for prize money comparable to the men, and inspired Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, and succeeding generations. Ironically, it was also Billie Jean, Marble’s disciple, who defeated Carole’s old pal Bobby Riggs in the 1973 “Battle of the Sexes” in the Houston Astrodome. The heavily publicized, highly rated primetime match introduced legions to the sport, making it no stretch at all for me to walk around amongst the players and matches in progress and think of Carole Lombard and her influence on everything in sight. By saving the career (and perhaps the life) of forlorn Alice Marble, Carole did a whole lot of good for millions of tennis players and fans around the world, including Mary and me.
I’ve read very little about the Hollywood glitter set and their enthusiasm for tennis, particularly, I believe, during the mid to late ’30s. I believe that Errol Flynn played with tennis champ Don Budge on a fairly regular basis, Budge once calling Errol the best tennis player in the movie colony. Though I believe that Gilbert Roland was also considered to be pretty hot with a racket in his hand, as well.
I’ve never heard which, if any, of the actresses were considered to be particularly gifted on the courts. Since Lombard had such a passion for the sport, I assume she had to be pretty good at it.
Like yourself, Robert, I’m a Roger Federer fan. Here in Canada the Canadian media doesn’t stop beating the drum for Milos Raonic, who’s had a great year and is now ranked No. 6, I believe. That doesn’t make me root for him when he plays my man Federer, however. So far, no fears of defeat for Roger either. His latest pounding of Raonic in Cincinatti merely demonstrated his continuing (for now, at least) mastery over the rising Canadian star.
What a joy it would be to somehow find some old film clips of the 1930s movie crowd at play on the tennis courts, not to mention taking a look just at the other stars and fans watching them in the stands. Flynn had such a strong reputation for his game that it would be great to see his actual tennis form captured on film (not to mention Lombard, Roland and the others).
Actually, I found this clip on You Tube, obviously from the ’30s, with some of the stars at play at tennis (Flynn can be sighted briefly standing with Bogie and Kay Francis), polo and the racetrack.
Smart man, Tom, supporting Federer. We watched Raonic play in Cincinnati and wanted to like him. He seems like a decent guy, but his game is so one-dimensional and his personality so inaccessible that we couldn’t connect.
Lombard was one of the best women Hollywood tennis players of her day, but the consensus seems to be that no one could beat Ginger Rogers.